Mitigating Climate Change in Agriculture

The issue of climate change remains a problem and a threat to the present state of Agriculture in Nigeria. Agriculture makes use of land, alongside other factors that are greatly affected by climate change.

According to the United Nations framework convention on climate change (UNFCC ) they defined climate change as a change which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere over comparable time periods.

Climate change is majorly caused by human activities resulting in the poor handling of the earth causing severe impacts on human health and Agricultural activities.  This climate change in Nigeria causes declining soil capacity and heat related problems not just for humans, but also for crops and livestock.  And this is as a result of deforestation, leaving the environment bare and open to sunshine and also, exposing the soil and reducing its productive capacity. This has resulted in loss of crops and livestock of farmers.

In order to combat the issues surrounding the progress of Agriculture, in the face of climate change-because it is bound to affect production of food and also, its nutritional value; climate change adaptation, mitigation practices and policy frameworks are important and must be adopted. Creating the necessary Agricultural technologies and harnessing them to prompt its adaptation of agricultural systems in order to bring change in climate is necessary and this will also require Creative and effective policies and institutions to be implemented. With these, climate change In Agriculture and its impact can and will be reduced in Nigeria.

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